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      CentOS7静默安装oracle11g


      操作系统:

      [root@docker ~]# uname -mx86_64[root@docker ~]# cat /etc/redhat-release CentOS Linux release 7.1.1503 (Core)

      安装软件包:

      参考官方:http://www.1click-soft.com/tfgjylgw/cd/E11882_01/install.112/e24326/toc.htm#BHCCADGD

      • The following or later version of packages for Oracle Linux 7, and Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 must be installed:
      复制代码
      binutils-2.23.52.0.1-12.el7.x86_64 compat-libcap1-1.10-3.el7.x86_64 compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-71.el7.i686compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-71.el7.x86_64gcc-4.8.2-3.el7.x86_64 gcc-c++-4.8.2-3.el7.x86_64 glibc-2.17-36.el7.i686 glibc-2.17-36.el7.x86_64 glibc-devel-2.17-36.el7.i686 glibc-devel-2.17-36.el7.x86_64 kshlibaio-0.3.109-9.el7.i686 libaio-0.3.109-9.el7.x86_64 libaio-devel-0.3.109-9.el7.i686 libaio-devel-0.3.109-9.el7.x86_64 libgcc-4.8.2-3.el7.i686 libgcc-4.8.2-3.el7.x86_64 libstdc++-4.8.2-3.el7.i686 libstdc++-4.8.2-3.el7.x86_64 libstdc++-devel-4.8.2-3.el7.i686 libstdc++-devel-4.8.2-3.el7.x86_64 libXi-1.7.2-1.el7.i686 libXi-1.7.2-1.el7.x86_64 libXtst-1.2.2-1.el7.i686 libXtst-1.2.2-1.el7.x86_64 make-3.82-19.el7.x86_64 sysstat-10.1.5-1.el7.x86_64
      unixODBC-2.3.1-6.el7.x86_64 or laterunixODBC-2.3.1-6.el7.i686 or laterunixODBC-devel-2.3.1-6.el7.x86_64 or laterunixODBC-devel-2.3.1-6.el7.i686 or later
      复制代码

      用yum进行安装

      yum -y install binutils compat-libcap1 compat-libstdc++-33 compat-libstdc++-33*i686 compat-libstdc++-33*.devel compat-libstdc++-33 compat-libstdc++-33*.devel gcc gcc-c++ glibc glibc*.i686 glibc-devel glibc-devel*.i686 ksh libaio libaio*.i686 libaio-devel libaio-devel*.devel libgcc libgcc*.i686 libstdc++ libstdc++*.i686 libstdc++-devel libstdc++-devel*.devel libXi libXi*.i686 libXtst libXtst*.i686 make sysstat unixODBC unixODBC*.i686 unixODBC-devel unixODBC-devel*.i686

      检测是否31个包都有安装

      复制代码
      [root@docker ~]# rpm -q binutils compat-libcap1 compat-libstdc++-33 gcc gcc-c++ glibc glibc-devel ksh libaio libaio-devel libgcc libstdc++ libstdc++-devel libXi libXtst  make sysstat  unixODBC unixODBC-develbinutils-2.23.52.0.1-55.el7.x86_64compat-libcap1-1.10-7.el7.x86_64compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.x86_64compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.i686gcc-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64gcc-c++-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64glibc-2.17-106.el7_2.8.x86_64glibc-2.17-106.el7_2.8.i686glibc-devel-2.17-106.el7_2.8.x86_64glibc-devel-2.17-106.el7_2.8.i686ksh-20120801-22.el7_1.3.x86_64libaio-0.3.109-13.el7.x86_64libaio-0.3.109-13.el7.i686libaio-devel-0.3.109-13.el7.x86_64libaio-devel-0.3.109-13.el7.i686libgcc-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64libgcc-4.8.5-4.el7.i686libstdc++-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64libstdc++-4.8.5-4.el7.i686libstdc++-devel-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64libstdc++-devel-4.8.5-4.el7.i686libXi-1.7.2-2.1.el7.x86_64libXi-1.7.4-2.el7.i686libXtst-1.2.2-2.1.el7.x86_64libXtst-1.2.2-2.1.el7.i686make-3.82-21.el7.x86_64sysstat-10.1.5-7.el7.x86_64unixODBC-2.3.1-11.el7.x86_64unixODBC-2.3.1-11.el7.i686unixODBC-devel-2.3.1-11.el7.x86_64unixODBC-devel-2.3.1-11.el7.i686
      复制代码

      版本号只能大于规定的版本,不能小于。

      创建oinstall和dba组

      /usr/sbin/groupadd oinstall/usr/sbin/groupadd dba

      创建oracle用户

      /usr/sbin/useradd -g oinstall -G dba oracle

      设置oracle用户密码

      passwd oracle

      验证创建是否正确

      [root@docker ~]# id oracleuid=1001(oracle) gid=1001(oinstall) groups=1001(oinstall),1002(dba)

      配置内核参数

      复制代码
      [root@docker ~]# vim /etc/sysctl.conf # System default settings live in /usr/lib/sysctl.d/00-system.conf.# To override those settings, enter new settings here, or in an /etc/sysctl.d/<name>.conf file## For more information, see sysctl.conf(5) and sysctl.d(5).fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576fs.file-max = 6815744kernel.shmall = 2097152kernel.shmmax = 536870912kernel.shmmni = 4096kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500net.core.rmem_default = 262144net.core.rmem_max = 4194304net.core.wmem_default = 262144net.core.wmem_max = 1048576
      复制代码

      参数的值不能小于上面的配置,这是oracle官方建议的最小值,生产环境建议调整这些参数,以优化系统性能。

      修改后使之生效

      /sbin/sysctl -p

      修改用户限制

      复制代码
      vim  /etc/security/limits.conf#在末尾添加oracle soft nproc 2047oracle hard nproc 16384oracle soft nofile 1024oracle hard nofile 65536oracle soft stack 10240
      复制代码在/etc/pam.d/login 文件中,使用文本编辑器或vi命令增加或修改以下内容
      session required /lib/security/pam_limits.sosession required pam_limits.so

      在/etc/profile 文件中,使用文本编辑器或vi命令增加或修改以下内容

      复制代码
      if [ $USER = "oracle" ]; then   if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then       ulimit -p 16384       ulimit -n 65536    else       ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536   fifi
      复制代码

      使之生效

      source /etc/profile

      创建安装目录

      mkdir -p /u01/app/chown -R oracle:oinstall /u01/app/chmod -R 775 /u01/app/

      配置环境变量

      [oracle@docker ~]$ vim ~/.bash_profile export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracleexport ORACLE_SID=dbsrv2

      使之生效

      source ~/.bash_profile

      解压oracle软件

      [root@docker src]# unzip linux.x64_11gR2_database_1of2.zip[root@docker src]# unzip linux.x64_11gR2_database_2of2.zip

      复制响应文件模板

      [oracle@docker ~]$ mkdir etc[oracle@docker ~]$ cp  /usr/local/src/database/response/* /home/oracle/etc/[oracle@docker ~]$ ls etcdbca.rsp  db_install.rsp  netca.rsp

      设置响应文件权限

      [oracle@docker ~]$ su - root[root@docker ~]# chmod 700 /home/oracle/etc/*.rsp

      静默安装Oracle软件

      su - oracle修改安装Oracle软件的响应文件/home/oracle/etc/db_install.rsp复制代码
      oracle.install.option=INSTALL_DB_SWONLY     // 安装类型ORACLE_HOSTNAME=docker        // 主机名称(hostname查询)UNIX_GROUP_NAME=oinstall     // 安装组INVENTORY_LOCATION=/u01/app/oraInventory   //INVENTORY目录(不填就是默认值)SELECTED_LANGUAGES=en,zh_CN,zh_TW // 选择语言ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1    //oracle_homeORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle     //oracle_baseoracle.install.db.InstallEdition=EE     // oracle版本oracle.install.db.isCustomInstall=false   //自定义安装,否,使用默认组件oracle.install.db.DBA_GROUP=dba /  / dba用户组oracle.install.db.OPER_GROUP=oinstall // oper用户组oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.type=GENERAL_PURPOSE //数据库类型oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.globalDBName=orcl //globalDBNameoracle.install.db.config.starterdb.SID=dbsrv2      //SIDoracle.install.db.config.starterdb.memoryLimit=81920 //自动管理内存的内存(M)oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.password.ALL=oracle //设定所有数据库用户使用同一个密码SECURITY_UPDATES_VIA_MYORACLESUPPORT=false         //(手动写了false)DECLINE_SECURITY_UPDATES=true   //设置安全更新(貌似是有bug,这个一定要选true,否则会无限提醒邮件地址有问题,终止安装。PS:不管地址对不对)
      复制代码

      开始静默安装

      [oracle@docker database]$ ./runInstaller -silent -responseFile /home/oracle/etc/db_install.rsp

      查看安装日志

      tail -f /u01/app/oraInventory/logs/installActions2016-08-31_06-56-29PM.log
      出现类似如下提示表示安装完成:------------------------------------------------------------------------

      The following configuration scripts need to be executed as the "root" user.
      #!/bin/sh
      #Root scripts to run

      /u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh
      /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/root.sh
      To execute the configuration scripts:
      1. Open a terminal window
      2. Log in as "root"
      3. Run the scripts
      4. Return to this window and hit "Enter" key to continue

      Successfully Setup Software.

      -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

      使用root用户执行脚本
      su - root/u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/root.sh

      增加或修改oracle的环境变量

      复制代码
      su  - oraclevim ~/.bash_profile

      #for oracle
      export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle
      export ORACLE_SID=dbsrv2
      export ROACLE_PID=ora11g
      #export NLS_LANG=AMERICAN_AMERICA.AL32UTF8
      export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/usr/lib
      export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1
      export PATH=$PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/bin

      exportLANG="zh_CN.UTF-8"
      exportNLS_LANG="SIMPLIFIEDCHINESE_CHINA.AL32UTF8"
      exportNLS_DATE_FORMAT='yyyy-mm-ddhh24:mi:ss'

      复制代码

      配置监听程序

      复制代码

      [oracle@docker ~]$ netca /silent /responsefile /home/oracle/etc/netca.rsp

      Parsing command line arguments:
      Parameter "silent" = true
      Parameter "responsefile" = /home/oracle/etc/netca.rsp
      Done parsing command line arguments.
      Oracle Net Services Configuration:
      Profile configuration complete.
      Oracle Net Listener Startup:
      Running Listener Control:
      /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/bin/lsnrctl start LISTENER
      Listener Control complete.
      Listener started successfully.
      Listener configuration complete.
      Oracle Net Services configuration successful. The exit code is 0

      复制代码

      启动监控程序

      复制代码
      [oracle@docker ~]$ lsnrctl startLSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.2.0.1.0 - Production on 01-SEP-2016 11:23:31Copyright (c) 1991, 2009, Oracle.  All rights reserved.Starting /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/bin/tnslsnr: please wait...TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 11.2.0.1.0 - ProductionSystem parameter file is /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/network/admin/listener.oraLog messages written to /u01/app/oracle/diag/tnslsnr/docker/listener/alert/log.xmlListening on: (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=EXTPROC1521)))Listening on: (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=docker)(PORT=1521)))Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=IPC)(KEY=EXTPROC1521)))STATUS of the LISTENER------------------------Alias                     LISTENERVersion                   TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 11.2.0.1.0 - ProductionStart Date                01-SEP-2016 11:23:31Uptime                    0 days 0 hr. 0 min. 0 secTrace Level               offSecurity                  ON: Local OS AuthenticationSNMP                      OFFListener Parameter File   /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/network/admin/listener.oraListener Log File         /u01/app/oracle/diag/tnslsnr/docker/listener/alert/log.xmlListening Endpoints Summary...  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=EXTPROC1521)))  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=docker)(PORT=1521)))The listener supports no servicesThe command completed successfully
      复制代码

      静默dbca建库

      编辑应答文件

      复制代码
      [oracle@docker ~]$ vi etc/dbca.rsp

      [GENERAL]
      RESPONSEFILE_VERSION = "11.2.0"
      OPERATION_TYPE = "createDatabase"
      [CREATEDATABASE]
      GDBNAME = "dbsrv2"
      SID = "dbsrv2"
      TEMPLATENAME = "General_Purpose.dbc"
      CHARACTERSET = "AL32UTF8"

      复制代码

      建库

      复制代码
      [oracle@docker ~]$ dbca -silent -responseFile etc/dbca.rspEnter SYS user password:   Enter SYSTEM user password:  sh: /bin/ksh: No such file or directorysh: /bin/ksh: No such file or directoryCopying database files1% complete3% complete11% complete18% complete26% complete37% completeCreating and starting Oracle instance40% complete45% complete50% complete55% complete56% complete57% complete60% complete62% completeCompleting Database Creation66% complete70% complete73% complete74% complete85% complete96% complete100% completeLook at the log file Look at the log file "/u01/app/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/orcl11g/orcl11g.log" for further details.
      复制代码

      查看输出日志

      复制代码
      [oracle@docker ~]$ cat /u01/app/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/orcl11g/orcl11g.logCopying database filesDBCA_PROGRESS : 1%DBCA_PROGRESS : 3%DBCA_PROGRESS : 11%DBCA_PROGRESS : 18%DBCA_PROGRESS : 26%DBCA_PROGRESS : 37%Creating and starting Oracle instanceDBCA_PROGRESS : 40%DBCA_PROGRESS : 45%DBCA_PROGRESS : 50%DBCA_PROGRESS : 55%DBCA_PROGRESS : 56%DBCA_PROGRESS : 60%DBCA_PROGRESS : 62%Completing Database CreationDBCA_PROGRESS : 66%DBCA_PROGRESS : 70%DBCA_PROGRESS : 73%DBCA_PROGRESS : 85%DBCA_PROGRESS : 96%DBCA_PROGRESS : 100%Database creation complete. For details check the logfiles at: /u01/app/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/orcl11g.Database Information:Global Database Name:orcl11g.us.oracle.comSystem Identifier(SID):dbsrv2
      复制代码

      至此完成数据库实例的创建。

      -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

      -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

      附:

      删除实例:

      [oracle@docker ~]$ dbca -silent -deleteDatabase -sourcedb dbsrv2

      oracle云在RedHat 6上的一些参数文件,内存是8G,供参考:

      /etc/sysctl.conf

      View Code

      /etc/security/limits.conf

      View Code

      ~/.bashrc

      View Code

      www.1click-soft.comtruehttp://www.1click-soft.com/Linux/1228649.htmlTechArticleCentOS7静默安装oracle11g 操作系统: [root@docker ~]# uname -mx86_64[root@docker ~]# cat /etc/redhat-release CentOS Linux release 7.1.1503 (Core) 安装软件包: 参考官...

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